Aneurysmal Subarachnoid Hemorrhage and Global Warming
Gill, R.S., Hambridge, H.L., Schneider, E.B., Hanff, T., Tamargo, R.J. and Nyquist, P. 2012. Falling temperature and colder weather are associated with an increased risk of Aneurysmal Subarachnoid Hemorrhage. World Neurosurgery 79: 136-142.
Seeking to further clarify and refine this seasonal relationship, Gill et al. identified the medical records of 1175 patients at the Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore, Maryland (USA) who were admitted with a radiologically-confirmed diagnosis of aSAH between 1 January 1991 and 1 March 2009, after which they employed Poisson regression "to model the risk of a patient presenting with aSAH based on maximum ambient temperature (MAT), average relative humidity (ARH), and atmospheric pressure, clustering by season of the year to control for the previously reported relationship between season and aSAH presentation." In doing so the six scientists determined that both "a one-day decrease in temperature and colder daily temperatures were associated with an increased risk of incident aSAH," and they indicate that "these variables appeared to act synergistically" and were "particularly predominant in the fall, when the transition from warmer to colder temperatures occurred."
Gill et al. say their study "is the first to report a direct relationship between a temperature decrease and an increased risk of aSAH," and that "it also confirms the observations of several reports of an increased risk of aSAH in cold weather or winter," citing in this regard the studies of Lejeunne et al. (1994), Jakovljevic et al. (1996) and Nyquist et al. (2001). And thus it is that their study implies that with a significant degree of global warming, there would likely be a significant decrease in the incidence of aSAH.
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