Winter Wheat Yields in a Warmer Yangtze Delta Plain of China
Tian, Y., Chen, J., Chen, C., Deng, A., Song, Z., Zheng, C., Hoogmoed, W. and Zhang, W. 2012. Warming impacts on winter wheat phenophase and grain yield under field conditions in Yangtze Delta Plain, China. Field Crops Research 134: 193-199.
Against this backdrop, Tian et al. "conducted a five-year field warming experiment since 2004 with a facility of Free Air Temperature Increase (FATI) in Nanjing, Jiangsu province," where their objectives were "to investigate the actual responses of winter wheat phenophase, biomass production and grain yield to anticipated warming [~1.5°C] under field conditions," and where "there were no water and nitrogen limitations for winter wheat growth, which is common in East China." This they did for a major local cultivar (Triticum aestivum L. cv Yangmai 11) that they describe as having "high yield potential."
According to the eight researchers, the 1.5°C increase in temperature significantly advanced crop phenophases, leading to a reduction in the length of the entire growth period of about ten days, with the result that grain yields rose due to "the mitigation of low temperature limitation during the pre-anthesis phase and to the avoidance of hot-dry stress during the post-anthesis phase." In addition, they indicate that the areas of flag leaves and total green leaves at anthesis, as well as the 1000-grain weight of the plants, were 36.0, 19.2 and 5.9% higher in the warmed plots than in the unaltered control, respectively. And the net effect of these several warmth-induced changes was a mean grain yield increase of 16.3%. Given such findings, Tian et al. correctly conclude that "anticipated warming may facilitate winter wheat production in East China," where it will surely be needed in the years and decades ahead.
Ortiz, R., Sayre, K.D., Govaerts, B., Gupta, R. Subbarao, G.V., Ban, T., Hodson, D., Dixon, J.M., Ortiz-Monasterio, J.I. and Reynolds, M. 2008. Climate change: Can wheat beat the heat? Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 126: 46-58.