Soil Microbes and Vegetation of the Antarctic Peninsula
Royles, J., Amesbury, M.J., Convey, P., Griffiths, H., Hodgson, D.A., Leng, M.J. and Charman, D.J. 2013. Plants and soil microbes respond to recent warming on the Antarctic Peninsula. Current Biology 23: 1702-1706.
The seven scientists, all hailing from the United Kingdom, report that "the rapid increase in moss growth and microbial activity observed since the late 1950s in the moss bank record is a consequence of warming temperatures and increased summer precipitation enabling higher metabolic rates and longer growing seasons." And they say "these biological changes are unprecedented, at least over the post-industrial period (since AD 1850)," adding "we can attribute the direct observations of increased biological activity in the late 20th century (Convey et al., 2009) to climate, based on direct and indirect long-term climatic baselines." Thus, as the Little Ice Age gradually relinquished its death-promoting grip on some of the coldest parts of the world, new opportunities for life have gradually returned to places from which life had fled during the LIA's life-preventing tenure, with the Antarctic Peninsula being one of the most prominent of such locations.
Convey, P., Bindschadler, R.A., di Prisco, G., Fahrbach, E., Gutt, J., Hodgson, D.A., Mayewski, P., Summerhayes, C.P. and Turner, J. 2009. Antarctic climate change and the environment. Antarctic Science 21: 541-563.
Ducklow, H.W., Baker, K., Martinson, D.G., Quetin, L.B., Ross, R.M., Smith, R.C., Stammerjohn, S.E., Vernet, M. and Fraser, W. 2007. Marine pelagic ecosystems: the west Antarctic Peninsula. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. B Biological Science 362: 67-94.
Parnikoza, I., Convey, P., Dykyy, I., Trokhymets, V., Milinevsky, G., Tyshenko, O., Inozemtseva, D. and Kozeretska, I. 2009. Current status of the Antarctic herb tundra formation in the Central Argentine Islands. Global Change Biology 15: 1685-1693.
Turner, J., Bindschadler, R., Convey, P., di Prisco, G., Fahrbach, E., Gutt, J., Hodgson, D., Mayewski, P. and Summerhayes, C. 2009. Antarctic Climate Change and the Environment. Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research, Cambridge, United Kingdom.