A Real-Life Non-Calcifying Anthozoan-Symbiodinium Symbiosis
Jarrold, M.D., Calosi, P., Verberk, W.C.E.P., Rastrick, S.P.S., Atfield, A. and Spicer, J.I. 2013. Physiological plasticity preserves the metabolic relationship of the intertidal non-calcifying anthozoan-Symbiodinium symbiosis under ocean acidification. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 449: 200-206.
Continuing the quest for additional knowledge in this realm of research, Jarrold et al. say they "investigated the physiological plastic responses and performance of an intertidal non-calcifying anthozoan-Symbiodinium symbioses exposed to simulated future ocean acidification conditions," working with the intertidal sea anemone, Anemonia viridis, which hosts Symbiodinium from clade a (Bythell et al., 1997)." In doing so the six scientists determined that even following a reduction in seawater pH to 7.4, "the photosynthetic capacity of the symbiosis was preserved." And they say that "this along with the unaffected anemone respiration rates indicated that the metabolic relationship was also preserved."
In expressing the ultimate implications of their findings, Jarrold et al. state that "physiological plasticity could be an important mechanism enabling sea anemones to be successful in a future high CO2 world."
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