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July 2011 Archive of Scientific Literature Reviews

A Reassessment of Long-Term Atlantic Hurricane Statistics (5 July 2011)
Two researchers from NOAA's Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory conclude that their results "do not support the hypothesis that the warming of the tropical North Atlantic due to anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions has caused Atlantic hurricane frequency to increase"... Read More
Effects of Elevated CO2 and Drought Stress on Nitrogen Metabolism in Barley (5 July 2011)
Elevated CO2 "mitigates drought effects on nitrogen metabolism by improvement of photosynthesis and mitigation of water deficit"... Read More
The Pharmacological Activity of Scutellaria Plants (5 July 2011)
The "yield and pharmaceutical quality of Scutellaria species can be enhanced with controlled environment production and CO2 enrichment"... Read More
Impacts of Biofuel Feedstock Harvesting in Tallgrass Prairies (5 July 2011)
Clipping for biofuel harvest "results in significant soil erosion and accompanying losses of soil carbon and nitrogen"... Read More
Effects of CO2 on Cereal Grain and Protein Production (5 July 2011)
The increase in cereal-grain biomass production that accompanied the rise in the air's CO2 content in this study was more than adequate to more than compensate for the much smaller decrease in grain protein concentration that occurred concomitantly in these crops, which resulted in a net increase in total protein harvest... Read More
Meeting the Food Needs of a Growing World Population (6 July 2011)
It will likely require breeding and selecting crop varieties that perform better under higher atmospheric CO2 concentrations than the varieties we currently rely upon... Read More
Resiliency of the Carob or St. John's Bread Tree to Climate Change (6 July 2011)
How does it respond to the degree of 21st-century drought and heat projected by the IPCC?... Read More
The Glacial Climate of Ammassalik Island, Greenland (6 July 2011)
The rate of warming from 1918 to 1935 was approximately 70% greater than the rate of warming from 1978 to 2004, in spite of the fact that the mean rate-of-rise of the atmosphere's CO2 concentration over the latter period was nearly five times greater than that of the former period... Read More
Overcoming Photoinhibition in a Tropical Tree Species (6 July 2011)
New data "demonstrate that future increases in atmospheric CO2 may have positive effects on photochemical efficiency in fast growing tropical tree species," allowing them to take great advantage of the high-light midday period of potential maximum growth in earth's tropical regions... Read More
A History of Drought Duration and Frequency in the U.S. Corn Belt (6 July 2011)
There is nothing unusual, unnatural or unprecedented about any 20th or 21st century droughts that may have occurred throughout the agricultural heartland of the United States... Read More
The Debilitating Disease of Climate Alarmism (12 July 2011)
It has created a global epidemic of depression, anxiety and stress... Read More
Challenges of Corals Living in the World's Warmest Reefs (12 July 2011)
Perhaps the greatest are simply existing and then reproducing... Read More
Extreme Autumn and Winter Storms of the British Isles (12 July 2011)
The number of extreme storms impacting the British Isles over the last eight decades of the 20th century do not appear to be related to the global warming of that period... Read More
The Nutritional Quality of Tallgrass Prairie Vegetation (12 July 2011)
How is it impacted by atmospheric CO2 enrichment?... Read More
Potato Response to Water Stress (12 July 2011)
"CO2 interaction with water stress will compensate, to some extent, for anticipated decreased water supply available for potato production under future climate change scenarios"... Read More
Flexibility in Destination Choice in Long-Distance Migratory Birds (13 July 2011)
Is it great enough for them to successfully respond to projected changes in climate? In a word, yes... Read More
Six Decades of River Flows in the U.S. Northern Rocky Mountains (13 July 2011)
"Changes in climate to date have not been great enough to significantly detect changes in the timing of flows in most natural sub-basins in the Northern Rocky Mountains beyond the natural variability"... Read More
Rice Production in China (13 July 2011)
Breeding for optimum performance of these important plant functions in a high-CO2 world of the future should also be a prime objective in meeting the challenge of adequately feeding the planet's future population... Read More
Pearl Millet Adapting to Climate Change in the African Sahel (13 July 2011)
What occurred over the course of a 27-year natural experiment (followed by a three-year garden experiment)?... Read More
Extreme Weather: Russian Heat Wave of Summer 2010 Was Due to Natural Internal Atmospheric Variability (13 July 2011)
So concludes the nine U.S. researchers of this new research paper... Read More
Flood Trends of German Rivers (19 July 2011)
There is no other conclusion to be drawn but that the warming experienced in Germany over the past century has not led to unprecedented flooding throughout the country... Read More
Atmospheric Models: Keeping it Simple (19 July 2011)
When using global climate models to generate or examine future climates, modelers like to use the most recent and complex models. But even the best models have well-known problems which have been highlighted on this website before. Occasionally, this complexity can produce seemingly contradictory results, which then leads to incorrect conclusions. Thus, when using a numerical model to learn how our atmosphere works, Occam's Razor (keep it simple!) is a useful guide... Read More
The Rising Cost of European Floods (19 July 2011)
"There remains no evident signal suggesting any influence of anthropogenic climate change on the trend of flood losses in Europe during the assessed period"... Read More
The Fate of Carbon in a Warming Temperate Peatland (19 July 2011)
The authors report that "northern peatlands can continue to serve as carbon sinks under a warmer and wetter climate, providing a negative feedback to climate warming," which is the exact polar-opposite of what has historically been claimed by the world's climate alarmists... Read More
Effects of Warming on Alpine Grassland Plants (19 July 2011)
A large number of alpine plant species benefit from temperature enhancement... Read More
Why Climate Change Effect Studies are Pessimistic (20 July 2011)
Hundreds of studies have been published on the effects of future climate change on various ecosystems or species, but the conclusions are often easily disputed. Why are these results so shaky? This study shows that there are systematic gaps in the methods used, and that these gaps all tend to falsely increase the potential negative impacts of climate change and inflate the certainty of the studies... Read More
The World's Oscillatory Climate as Experienced in Northern Iberia (20 July 2011)
It suggests that the planet's current level of warmth is actually quite normal... Read More
New England Flood Risk (20 July 2011)
Is it rising or falling? ... and why?... Read More
Does Mitigation Reduce Net Global Impacts of Climate Change on Water Resources? (20 July 2011)
This paper shows that, based on water resource impacts, there is no compelling case for a mitigation policy. If anything, it suggests that adaptation policies would be much more beneficial because it would enable watersheds that would experience an increase in water availability to capture those benefits, while enabling others to cope with any negative impacts... Read More
How Would U.S. Salt Marshes Respond to CO2-Induced Warming? (20 July 2011)
Quite well, very likely... Read More
Microrefugia: An Important Hedge Against Extinction (26 July 2011)
It works in both cooling and warming worlds... Read More
Bias in Model Simulations of Climate (26 July 2011)
Model simulations are becoming more widely used to create future climate scenarios which are, in turn, used as a basis for making policy or economic planning. Thus, it is important to recognize that biases may exist in the climate models due to their design or deficiencies. Meteorologists for decades have accounted for model bias daily in making weather forecasts. For example, they realize that one model may produce warmer temperatures under certain conditions than another... Read More
Finnish Bird Responses to Global Warming (26 July 2011)
Are they responding as predicted by climate alarmists?... Read More
The Increasing Prowess of a Stand of Danish Beech Trees (26 July 2011)
It's merely another example of the worldwide "greening of the earth" phenomenon... Read More
Climate Change and North Atlantic Storminess (26 July 2011)
A study of sand drift and dune development along western European coasts provides a means by which to infer future trends in storminess if the world warms... Read More
Short-Term Heating Helps Corals Survive Greater Long-Term Warming (27 July 2011)
New experiments with corals collected from back-reefs pools in American Samoa demonstrate the phenomenon... Read More
No Long-Term Trends in Southwestern United States Drought (27 July 2011)
Results from this new paper are at odds with the popular perception of increased drought in the Southwest. Scientists with the U.S. Geological Survey and the University of Delaware found annual and multi-decadal variance related to El Niño and La Niña frequency but could find no long term trend... Read More
Nine Years of Soil Carbon and Nitrogen Relations in the Duke Forest FACE Study (27 July 2011)
Contrary to the early expectations of many scientists (and most climate alarmists), it appears that many of earth's forests that are thought to have access to less-than-adequate soil nitrogen supplies may indeed be able to acquire the extra nitrogen they need to maintain the sizable increases in their growth rates that are driven by elevated concentrations of atmospheric CO2... Read More
Tropical Cuba has Excess Winter Deaths from Heart & Cerebrovascular Diseases (27 July 2011)
Cuba joins other tropical areas where major causes of death peak in the winter... Read More
Climate Change and Marine Productivity (27 July 2011)
A new review of the subject suggests that just the opposite of what climate alarmists tend to predict about the future may well come to pass instead... Read More