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February 2013 Archive of Scientific Literature Reviews

A History of Drought in the Southern United States Since 1895 (5 Feb 2013)
Over-the-top contentions of both the IPCC and the authors of the U.S. Climate Report of 2009 with respect to drought are found to be without any confirmation whatsoever in pertinent real-world data for this part of the world... Read More
Coral Resilience to Ocean Acidification and Global Warming (5 Feb 2013)
For certain corals "ocean acidification combined with rising ocean temperatures should have only minimal effects on coral calcification," which is "a direct outcome of [such corals'] ability to up-regulate pH at the site of calcification," which is good news for the future of these species... Read More
Cloud Ice Water Content & Cloud Ice Water Path in CMIP5 GCMs (5 Feb 2013)
In the words of Li et al. (2012), "representing clouds and cloud climate feedback in global climate models (GCMs) remains a pressing challenge," but one that is needed to be overcome in order "to reduce and quantify uncertainties associated with climate change projections." And two of the primary parameters that must be accurately modeled in this regard are cloud ice water content (CIWC) and cloud ice water path (CIWP). Yet, according to the results of this study, the models are still struggling... Read More
Model Simulations of Climatic Effects of Volcanic Eruptions (5 Feb 2013)
The most recent analysis of the most up-to-date global climate models suggests that they are still not up to the task that is required of them... Read More
Planktonic Marine Microbes (6 Feb 2013)
In the words of the authors who conducted this study, results indicated that "contrary to some expectations, lowering pH did not negatively affect bacterial growth"... Read More
Canadian and U.S. Droughts of the Medieval Warm Period (6 Feb 2013)
Results of a new study imply that the planet's Current Warm Period may be due to something that is totally unrelated to anthropogenic CO2 emissions... Read More
Reclaiming Cadmium-Contaminated Soil with Poplars and Willows (6 Feb 2013)
A new study investigates the possibilities, finding that "using elevated CO2 to enhance total uptake of contaminants by plants might be an alternative way to improve phytoremediation of contaminated soil"... Read More
Pests of Pests of Blue Willow Trees in a Potentially Warmer World (12 Feb 2013)
How does the first and smallest of the three-trophic-level consortium affect the larger two as temperatures rise? Survival and development rate generally increase, thereby reducing the potential for damage in willow trees... Read More
The Reproduction of a Key Arctic Copepod in Low-pH Seawater (12 Feb 2013)
According to the authors of this study, "copepods, as a group, may be well equipped to deal with the chemical changes associated with ocean acidification"... Read More
Coral Microbial Communities Along a Natural pH Gradient (12 Feb 2013)
How low can the pH gradient go ... and coral microbial communities still survive? In this study, all the way down to 7.3, where for the two coral species studied, this "reduced pH does not seem to significantly reduce coral health"... Read More
The Middle and Late Holocene in Central European Russia (12 Feb 2013)
It seems that the more one studies palaeoclimates in various places around the world, the more one begins to appreciate the fact that there is nothing unusual, unnatural or unprecedented about our planet's current level of warmth, especially when it is realized that at these earlier times there was much less CO2 in the air than there is nowadays... Read More
Yellow Sugarcane Aphids in a CO2-Enriched and Warmer World (13 Feb 2013)
As both temperature and CO2 rise, infestations of this serious pest will likely decline... Read More
Modeling the Link Between ENSO and North Australian SSTs (13 Feb 2013)
How much have the CMIP5 models improved over the CMIP3 models? According to the results of this study, not much. In the words of the authors, "gaining a deeper understanding of the physical mechanism behind the strong link between the SSTs in the Niño-3.4 region and to the north of Australia using these models" is "a vital next step" for this work, which they say is required "to elucidate the processes missing from the models that cannot capture the link"... Read More
Drought-Induced Oxidative Stress in Grassland Plants (13 Feb 2013)
How is it impacted if the air's CO2 content and temperature are higher than they are today? Atmospheric CO2 enrichment typically increases the quantity of grassland production, even when plants are stressed for water, while at the same time it additionally enhances the quality of what is produced, as it reduces drought-induced oxidative cell damage and protein oxidation... Read More
A Two-Millennia Record of the South American Summer Monsoon (19 Feb 2013)
Today's temperatures over the North Atlantic Ocean are comparable to those experienced during the Medieval Warm Period, indicating there is nothing unusual or unnatural or unprecedented about today's current level of warmth in this region... Read More
Field-Scale Impacts of Elevated CO2 on the World's Major Crops (19 Feb 2013)
A new meta-analysis provides a good overview of the subject, determining that for an approximate 200-ppm increase in the air's CO2 concentration (the mean enhancement employed in the studies they analyzed), water productivity was improved by 23% in the case of aboveground biomass production per unit of water lost to evapotranspiration, and by 27% in the case of aboveground yield produced per unit of water lost to evapotranspiration... Read More
Winter Wheat Yields in a Warmer Yangtze Delta Plain of China (19 Feb 2013)
How would they likely compare with the region's winter wheat yields of today? Based on the results of this study, the net effect of several warmth-induced changes induces a mean grain yield increase of 16.3%... Read More
The Little Ice Age in Antarctica: Conditions in the Ross Sea (19 Feb 2013)
Findings from a new study help to substantiate the fact that the LIA was indeed a global climatic event, which fact climate alarmists have long been hesitant to fully recognize... Read More
The Neoglacial Record of Montana's Glacier National Park (20 Feb 2013)
What does it reveal about the nature of 20th-century global warming?... Read More
The Adaptive Capacity of Sea Urchin Embryos to Ocean Warming and Acidification (20 Feb 2013)
Can they cope with the challenge of the climate-alarmist-predicted two-parameter-alteration of their watery environment? Yes, in the concluding paragraph of this new paper the authors affirm that "the presence of tolerant genotypes, and the lack of a trade-off between tolerance to pH and tolerance to warming contribute to the potential of C. rodgersii to adapt to concurrent ocean warming and acidification, adding to the resilience of this ecologically important species in a changing ocean"... Read More
Fifteen Millennia of Climate Change in the Middle Reaches of China's Yangtze River (20 Feb 2013)
How does the story told by the data compare with that of other studies of other areas? ... and what is that story?... Read More
In Search of a CO2-Induced Increase in the Mean Rate-of-Rise of Global Sea Level (26 Feb 2013)
As more data become available, and as more researchers strive to decipher what those data imply, the search appears ever more futile... Read More
The Net Effect of Simultaneous Increases in Air Temperature and CO2 Concentration on Plant Biomass Production (26 Feb 2013)
How does it compare with the individual effects of warming and atmospheric CO2 enrichment? Nineteen researchers hailing from 8 different countries conduct a meta-analysis comprising 821 entries to find out... Read More
Low-Level Liquid-Containing Arctic Clouds (26 Feb 2013)
How well are they simulated by state-of-the-art climate models? The authors of this study conclude that "the simple prescribed relationships between cloud phase and temperature that have historically been used in climate models are incapable of reproducing the Arctic cloud phase observations described here," which must inevitably lead to similarly inaccurate values of "Arctic surface radiative fluxes and Arctic climate feedbacks," when employed in current state-of-the-art climate models... Read More
CMIP5 Model Representations of Cloud Vertical Structure (26 Feb 2013)
If a climate modeler asks you are we there yet? - in terms of state-of-the-art models being good enough to predict the climatic future of the planet to a degree deemed adequate to inform both domestic and foreign policy on preferred energy sources of the future - you need to tell him or her no way!... Read More
Atmospheric CO2 Enrichment Increases Atmospheric Carbonyl Sulfide Uptake by Holm Oak and European Beech Trees (27 Feb 2013)
And why do we care about that? Because the implications of such findings suggest that (1) the historical increase in the atmosphere's CO2 concentration may have had a tempering effect on Earth's rate of warming during the development of the planet's Current Warm Period, and that (2) that cooling influence could well increase in the years and decades ahead... Read More
The Impact of Warming on the Ranges of Butterflies in Britain (27 Feb 2013)
Other anthropogenic-induced constraints "appear to be out-weighing the positive effects of a warming climate on habitat breadth," leading the authors of this paper to suggest in the final sentence of their paper that "only if other non-climatic drivers can be reduced or reversed will species be able to fully exploit any emerging opportunities provided by climate warming"... Read More
Genetic Variation of Grassland Species Across an Altitude Gradient (27 Feb 2013)
Is it sufficient to enable them to withstand being driven to extinction by rising temperatures? Most likely, the answer is yes!... Read More